Solutions and Asylum Procedures

A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Senior Research Man, Refugee Research Centre, College or university of Oxford

Increasingly, systems and methods are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These kinds of range from biometric matching machines that examine iris runs and finger prints to databases for asylum seekers and asile to chatbots to help people register protection conditions. These tools are created to make that easier for the purpose of states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially as much systems are slowed down due to the COVID-19 pandemic and raising levels of pressured displacement.

However they raise a host of human privileges concerns. Examples include privacy worries, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or equipment errors that may lead to discriminatory outcomes. Additionally they pose significant troubles to migrants and refugees, who will often be already voiceless and susceptible.

Ozkul’s analysis explores the ways in which fresh technologies may be used to verify details and narratives of migrants, allowing them to accelerate their asylum application process. It also looks at the ways by which these solutions can create a particular informational space around migrant workers, and how they configure their particular subjecthood. Subsequent Foucault, the girl argues that such methods are both comarcal and institutional. For example , iris scanning methods can be seen while an institutional technology, because they require the migrant to enter a specific place in order to be recognised; while recommendation algorithms are business and global in their effects, configuring topics as customers.

As a result, they will enact a certain form of hegemonic power more than displaced persons. This is especially true provided the current contest to the lower part in asylum policy – with some countries offering incentives like the Nansen passport to help cachette resettling and others impacting restrictive insurance plans that block their very own access to location and pressure them around dangerous and deadly travels.

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